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Newbie Essential Reading

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Category: General
Forum Name: Newbie Discussion
Forum Description: Newbie Discussion/Questions. Look less stupid here...
Printed Date: 30 September 2023 at 9:32pm
Software Version: Web Wiz Forums 12.06 -

Topic: Newbie Essential Reading
Posted By: justamadman
Subject: Newbie Essential Reading
Date Posted: 15 February 2008 at 1:12pm
Here you'll find a plethora of links to articles all things sound related.

just to start it of OHMS LAW -'s_law

Thiele Small -
The EV PA Bible! - - -
Interesting designs,completely crazy web page layout - -
All sorts of great articles PSW

Horns -
Important horn info 'dinsdale files' and the essential edgar midhorn and basshorns designs from SB. -
Basic horn info - Forum Search Tomservo, Tom danley, DJK,str8ro

Thoughts on line arrays -

Factors Affecting Sonic Quality of Mid & HF Horns & Waveguides - -
The HF horn + 15" business. -
Whitepapers applicable to Prosound also - - - technical papers

http://prosoundweb/ - has alot -but the navigation sucks...Topics like horn clusters and power alley.

Hifi but applicable to prosound - - -
Id save it as a word document

EASE online.Its abit basic,and the frequency plot is linear not log but its something. -

Crossovers - - - -
Car audio but decent basic Xover info -
Varied site with xover and amplifier plans/buy something.Decent info analogue electronics - -

Horn design -
Id save it as a word document

EASE online.Its abit basic,and the frequency plot is linear not log but its ok -

in front of the bass bins baby

Posted By: tb_mike
Date Posted: 08 March 2008 at 2:24am
Crossovers - -

Posted By: tb_mike
Date Posted: 12 March 2008 at 10:04pm
Horn design -
Id save it as a word document

EASE online.Its abit basic,and the frequency plot is linear not log but its ok -

Posted By: norty303
Date Posted: 16 March 2008 at 5:15pm
Ok, edited and tidied up a little.  If you can add any further ones as new posts, one of us can sort it out as needed.
Note to the mods, I've hidden, rather than deleted, the original posts with links in, just in case something got lost in translation.  Might be good to do the same with the rest, in case of mishaps.

My laser stuff:" rel="nofollow - Frikkin Lasers

Posted By: GIVEorTAKE
Date Posted: 16 March 2008 at 6:14pm
Sound and Hearing: -

------------- - FSP!

Posted By: justamadman
Date Posted: 16 March 2008 at 6:17pm
thanks norty

in front of the bass bins baby

Posted By: tb_mike
Date Posted: 16 March 2008 at 7:03pm
Quick and Dirty JBL 4430 Monitor
- Exhausting detail and variations on it. -

More JBL Technotes
Controlled power response its important in SR loudspeaker design
Sub Bass using Triple Chamber Bandpass
Distortion and power compression in LF transducers
Characteristics of HF compression drivers
Choosing the right studio monitor JBL and UREI monitors. -

So you want to design a horn - you know you need a mouth, a throat and some sort of flare... - 7. "What's So Sacred About Exponential Horns?," Presented at the 51st Convention of the Audio Engineering Society, Preprint No. 1038 (F-3), (May 1975).

Includes EV HR9040 which has an exponential section,then conical sets the midband dispersion,then the last 1/3 of the flare is double the middles angle to help the pattern. not sure of any sources for horns like this.

LF directivity and cardoid subs

Heres the PSW power alley article -

LF directivity and arrays -

PSW subs and deploying them 'in the round' -

Posted By: tb_mike
Date Posted: 24 March 2008 at 10:13am
So speakers have a 'resonance'.What is it?
An electric pendulum -

Some plans

12v Mobile systems, tricycle,bicycle+trailer

From the UK underground
Design considerations,Technical aspects,box design,driver choice,efficiency,box material,class D,some winisd action,pee et zos, -
Get it before the nanny state government says its illegal LOL
The guy in the blue shirt seems to know his stuff. He might be over complicating it.

Ports , In detail! -

More on phase plugs, stadium MH series throat assembly info.">
US patent 4,718,517 -

Loudspeaker and acoustic transformer therefor


A speaker system including a frusto-conical diaphragm, and a phase plug mounted within the volume formed by the diaphragm, the phase plug including a pair of substantially diametric open slots extending across the diaphragm and through the phase plug, with each of the slots having substantially rectangular cross sections transverse to the axis of the diaphragm.

Posted By: boycey
Date Posted: 24 March 2008 at 12:30pm
Originally posted by tb_mike tb_mike wrote:

12v Mobile systems, tricycle,bicycle+trailer

From the UK underground
Design considerations,Technical aspects,box design,driver choice,efficiency,box material,class D,some winisd action,pee et zos, -
Get it before the nanny state government says its illegal LOL
The guy in the blue shirt seems to know his stuff. He might be over complicating it.

their squat was where i put on my first party!

the only thing more dangerous than a person who doesn't give a f**k is a person who gives a sh*t.

Posted By: tb_mike
Date Posted: 25 March 2008 at 2:19am
Originally posted by boycey boycey wrote:

Originally posted by tb_mike tb_mike wrote:

12v Mobile systems, tricycle,bicycle+trailer

From the UK underground
Design considerations,Technical aspects,box design,driver choice,efficiency,box material,class D,some winisd action,pee et zos, -
Get it before the nanny state government says its illegal LOL
The guy in the blue shirt seems to know his stuff. He might be over complicating it.

their squat was where i put on my first party!

Hah awesome
I like the idea of something that is efficient,portable,and doesnt require a huge infrastructure to work. Ofcourse you compromise bass cutoff and some quality. But you get to hear music still.

Posted By: Jake_Fielder
Date Posted: 01 April 2008 at 8:11pm - My bandpass thread, its a work in progress !

Posted By: speaker monkey
Date Posted: 08 June 2008 at 9:10pm
Stumbled across a cool website. Got some quite in depth but well explained stuff in there. Not all applicaple to speaker design but good reading.

Also I think the hyperphysics link from GIVEorTAKE should be put on the first post. Such an informative website that methinks.

monkey x

edit: PS, not quite sure why it doesnt come up as a proper link. Just copy and paste it into the address bar and it should work fine.

Posted By: rebaccawood911
Date Posted: 06 January 2009 at 6:10am
Hi folks this is Rebecca i am newbie to this community i am glad to be a member to this forum site...

------------- - marking systems

Posted By: djgorey
Date Posted: 06 January 2009 at 9:45am
Welcome - I'm a newbie too and have found everybody to be really helpful and have a wealth of knowledge.

Posted By: salt
Date Posted: 17 February 2009 at 7:19pm
Hi im a newbie and need to get 10 posts on here so can reply in the for sale section !

Posted By: musicsoundboy
Date Posted: 07 April 2009 at 3:26pm
Tongue Hello I am a newbie too. But I have been a professional sound boy as we are called in the live touring world for over 20yrs so I am looking forward to swapping some opinions with my fellow listeners. John

John Soares

Posted By: tejy
Date Posted: 31 May 2009 at 1:29am
great little read. bin on this website since 2006 just never registered!

Posted By: J PHIN
Date Posted: 16 August 2009 at 12:34am

ok then......looks like i have got loads of reading to do........i need to know it all!!!!!

Posted By: mitchiemasha
Date Posted: 27 August 2009 at 5:31pm -
I read that a few months back and have read a few sections again. He delivers the info in a good way making it much easier digest. I love his lash out at the mistakes and misconceptions made by so called key carriers and ppl who buy magical cables.
Didnt read it in order but I didnt go to bed till I read it all.
as much as ppl hate peavey this -  is a very important piece of infornation. -
found that intresting toooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo.

Posted By: J PHIN
Date Posted: 04 September 2009 at 3:15pm
ok.... ?

Posted By: Naff_monk
Date Posted: 11 September 2009 at 12:13am
is it me, or is the mrdos link to the EV PA bible supposed to go to a porn site?

I think the term speaker porn is getting a little too literal don't you think guys?

Posted By: Rog
Date Posted: 12 October 2009 at 4:14am

Basics - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -



Advanced - - - - - - - - - - - - -



Hi Fi - -



Studio Acoustics - - - - - - - - -



Vintage - - - - -



Circuits – Projects – Plans - - -



Software - - - -



Conversion - -



Links - -



Glossary -



Short Wave Radio -



Misc - - - - -


Posted By: Quantum Sounds
Date Posted: 12 October 2009 at 2:16pm
ted in a must!! thank's rong some realy intresting web sights thereClap

Posted By: darkmatter
Date Posted: 12 October 2009 at 3:56pm
Thanks v much Rog!

Posted By: TRE4U2NV
Date Posted: 15 October 2009 at 9:44pm
can you update the links on the home page with these pleaseHugin a manly way


Posted By: Lardysounds
Date Posted: 26 December 2009 at 10:32am
Some very helpfull and interesting links! Thanks to everyone who took time to post them!

Posted By: techiejamie
Date Posted: 10 March 2010 at 3:19am
Agreed, very helpful links! thanks guys! real help...

Posted By: in2deep
Date Posted: 01 April 2010 at 10:35am
Thanks for the links..could come in extremely handy from time to time!! :D

If it ain't ain't worth it!!!

Posted By: Iverson
Date Posted: 17 April 2010 at 10:26pm
Thanks for the hook up.

Posted By: rosslewis
Date Posted: 26 January 2011 at 1:57pm
Excellent links cheers.

Posted By: AlexCW
Date Posted: 10 April 2011 at 8:39pm
plenty for me to read on my next night shift - thanks!

Posted By: grazzeee
Date Posted: 06 July 2011 at 12:33pm
thanks for the links, great resources

Date Posted: 21 July 2011 at 6:37pm" rel="nofollow -
Some great questions and answers here......i've never noticed it before,so i thought i would post it here too 


Posted By: Pahlavan-i
Date Posted: 05 August 2011 at 6:33pm
yeah, cheers for sharing the info folks

Posted By: jjredox
Date Posted: 20 October 2011 at 11:20am
Very good topic, thanks guy, a lot of very useful info there :)

Posted By: Powerrated
Date Posted: 11 December 2011 at 4:30pm
nice one

Posted By: HighGradeBlazer
Date Posted: 17 December 2011 at 6:15pm
Very helpful...thanks :)

Posted By: dj jammin
Date Posted: 29 January 2012 at 2:22pm
Thanks for the links, really facinating stuff, but I must say some of this seems quite advanced to call newbie essential reading. Ive been reading posts on SP for months as I am very interested in speaker design . I built a few speakers when I was a youth from the eminence book which was amazing good fun ( both cobbling them together and testing at partys  ). Now Im older and have been a carpenter for many years I have some skills, tools and funds to revive this hobby and make some tasty boxes, and I will be able to afford something better than the 400 watt peavey amp I had back then!

There are a few basic questions regarding horn type speakers for mid/top use which I would really appreciate any advice on.

My understanding is that the advantage of a horn style box is that they slightly amplify the sound from the speaker thus gaining a bit more volume than you would get from the same driver in a direct radiating box. Is this right? And how much extra volume do you gain, roughly percentage wise?

I imagine a horn style speaker has less dispersion than a  direct radiating box, and guess this is an advantage if you use multiple boxes side by side as it would reduce cross filtering between cabinets.  Have I got this right?

In a design like the MT102 / MT122 why couldn't the compression driver be mounted on the same baffle as the other drivers and use the same big horn mouth as them? I guess its because the CD needs the small end of the horn to be quite small thus meaning it needs to have its own horn?

Any replys / comments would be greatly appreciated

Thanks for a great website and resource

Posted By: TimSound
Date Posted: 01 February 2012 at 8:57pm
ahh nice pic :D

Posted By: Com4tee
Date Posted: 03 February 2012 at 3:28pm
Guys, I would add the set of these four articles by founder of this forum. The Rog Mogale.
Very basic, very understandable, very important. Sometimes eye opening" rel="nofollow -

Posted By: mangoman
Date Posted: 29 February 2012 at 7:56am
very good post.

Posted By: Priit Pavelson
Date Posted: 01 March 2012 at 4:57pm
Very helpful...thanks :)

Posted By: Maxxomatic
Date Posted: 11 March 2012 at 8:56am
This really helped me out. Thanks!

Posted By: Charlie_Albin
Date Posted: 21 March 2012 at 12:06am
Great post, nice one!

Posted By: Moorey
Date Posted: 05 June 2012 at 6:42pm
Interesting read

Posted By: TRE4U2NV
Date Posted: 20 June 2012 at 2:36pm
Originally posted by Com4tee Com4tee wrote:

Guys, I would add the set of these four articles by founder of this forum. The Rog Mogale.
Very basic, very understandable, very important. Sometimes eye opening" rel="nofollow -" rel="nofollow - http://www. - youtube. - com/watch?feature= - endscreen&NR=1&v=KtPBFTuQ4l0


Posted By: dj elite
Date Posted: 09 July 2012 at 3:55am
So much to read,So much to learn. Beginning to wonder if my once very good brain can soak up the info like a sponge or will it just leak out again. Damn it! its worth a try may have to read several times for it to go in. Think its an age thing lol

Posted By: steviec_lj
Date Posted: 16 September 2012 at 10:03am
Makes for interesting reading.  Have a couple of cabinet building books on the shelf, but do intend to get some more when I find the better ones of the bunch.

Posted By: Dubbed-up
Date Posted: 18 December 2012 at 8:53am
Many thanks for sharing the info guys.

Posted By: kaidiac
Date Posted: 17 January 2013 at 6:16pm
wow awesome thread - loads of useful info!

Posted By: swedish man
Date Posted: 20 January 2013 at 7:15pm
very helpfull

Posted By: soundchippy
Date Posted: 05 March 2013 at 5:37pm" rel="nofollow - Cabinet Bracing

Posted By: nick.frost
Date Posted: 14 July 2014 at 3:05pm
Wow, that's a lot of reading. Thanks so much for sharing. I'm not wanting to become a pro engineer or what not, but understanding the basics would be really useful to me and this looks like exactly what I should be reading

See you in a month :)

Posted By: vibetribe
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 10:26am
Hi people,

I'm totally new to this and could do with some advice if possible; I have an unloaded reflex cabinet and a 15" Eminence Kappa driver, I need to load the cabinet but have no idea what wiring, plugs and sockets I need. 

I suppose I will need a speakon adapater for the side of the cabinet and some heavy gauge wire to connect the amp to the cab but what exact speakon plug/socket will I need?

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Posted By: bee
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 12:57pm
Hi vibe your need 2 x nl4 speakons, link below." rel="nofollow -
+1 from speakon to positive on driver
-1 to from speakon to negative on driver,
+1 on speakon to +1 on speakon 2 link out....
-1 on speakon to -1 on speakon 2 link out....


Posted By: vibetribe
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 4:54pm
Thanks for the wiring tips mate, what would you mean by linking out ?

Would that be for running several cabs in series?

Posted By: AJordan
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 5:20pm
Link to another cab. You would be running them in parralel rather than series if you wired it as bee has said. This is the usual and prefered way to do it.

Posted By: vibetribe
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 5:24pm
Okay brilliant thanks. Would 14 gauge speaker wire be appropriate for connecting the Amp to the speaker?

Posted By: bee
Date Posted: 07 October 2014 at 5:37pm
2.5mm to 6mm depending on what type of cab you are powering.
2.5mm for hf and 12" drivers
4mm for 15" and 18" drivers
6mm for 21" and 24" drivers
as a rule of thumb, most people run 2.5mm for everything...


Posted By: mitchiemasha
Date Posted: 10 October 2014 at 5:35am
I read this a few years ago. It took a few nights but once i started i couldn't stop. Everything is in there from amp types to stacking, bit of history and humour too." rel="nofollow -  Click subjects...

I know many here are Peavey haters but this" rel="nofollow -

is the first thing any one in sound should know or learn. Nice lil story init too!!!

Posted By: vibetribe
Date Posted: 14 October 2014 at 11:37am
Hello people,

Considering I have a few cabs which all hold 15" drivers what wires would I need to:

1) Connect the Amp to the Cabinet (Would 14 gauge be appropriate?)
2) Wire the driver to the inside of the cab (to the speakon socket)

Also, I have 2 custom scoops which hold 2 15" drivers each, from what I can tell so far it will be best to load them in series...Any thoughts?

Any help would be appreciated, very new to this and want to get this system up and running!


Posted By: FUBAR_XL
Date Posted: 24 February 2015 at 5:00pm
The Thiele Small parameter link is dead.

Posted By: audiomik
Date Posted: 26 February 2015 at 9:26am
Two more very useful books, both can be found from various ssources on the internet with a bit of looking:

The Art of Electronics (2nd edition onwards!) by Horowitz and Hill
Lots of essential Electronics theory in this!

The Loudspeaker Design Cookbook by Vance Dickason
Also can be found on the internet...

Hope these help!


Warning! May contain Nuts
plus springs, washers, screws, etc, etc.

Posted By: FUBAR_XL
Date Posted: 25 May 2015 at 4:18pm
Thoughts on line arrays link is now also dead.

Posted By: angelineacord
Date Posted: 22 July 2015 at 8:07am
The links posted are really helpful and saved those link in excel to read the related information.

Posted By: monkeyorangejuice
Date Posted: 09 September 2015 at 8:58pm
quite a lot of reading... my homework is cut out for me

Posted By: SquirrelChew
Date Posted: 02 December 2016 at 1:16am
I just registered to this forum & you seem to be knowledgable so hopefully someone can answer this... I have an 8 ohm 3 way cabinet speaker w/ 3 (5 ohm) speakers inside that are blown all to crap. My question is that if I replace the 5 ohm speakers inside w/ 4 ohm speakers what will the resulting impedance be? I know that's probably not possible to answer be its something to do with the crossover but, since it magically turns 5ohm speakers into an 8 ohm cabinet what would it make 4 ohm speakers? Lol thank you for any & all advice!

Posted By: robkeane89
Date Posted: 27 January 2017 at 2:22pm
Hi guys,

I am new here, Just want to say hi. I am interested in speakers, I am thinking of doing a uni course in sound engineering, just wondering has anyone had a similar experience.

Posted By: robkeane89
Date Posted: 02 February 2017 at 7:40am
Hi guys, nobody seems to be interested, annway, I have started my new website on speakers. I am calling myself speaker xpert ha ha. can you guys have a look at my website and see what you think of me information. can some one tell me how to post a link please?

Posted By: guig
Date Posted: 17 February 2017 at 3:57am seem to be offline

Posted By: robkeane89
Date Posted: 17 February 2017 at 10:03am
Hi guys, I own this website. - Can yous tell me what you think of my information? Do you think its accurate and helpful. I really want to build a guide that will help people. Your opinions would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance. 

Posted By: plander
Date Posted: 19 February 2017 at 4:31am
Thanks for sharing these helpful links! I will visit them all! Very informative!

Posted By: Shimad
Date Posted: 07 September 2018 at 11:26am
Whole lot of essential info here.. Thanks!

Posted By: jackath
Date Posted: 03 December 2018 at 2:23pm
Very useful - thanks :)

Posted By: APW
Date Posted: 03 December 2018 at 3:55pm
Thoughts on line arrays - Updated Link:" rel="nofollow -" rel="nofollow -

Posted By: toastyghost
Date Posted: 03 December 2018 at 4:06pm
Originally posted by APW APW wrote:

Thoughts on line arrays - Updated Link:" rel="nofollow -" rel="nofollow -

The original VDOSC manual from the same era ca. 2005 is also a required reading. It’s a few hundred pages long and has lots of theory and diagrams.

Posted By: John C
Date Posted: 07 September 2020 at 12:25pm
What speaker design software would you recommend? I have the Eminence designer but it seems a bit out of date and not very user friendly. Any advice would be very welcome

Posted By: djeddie
Date Posted: 07 September 2020 at 5:47pm

(Just Google those two names)

There's loads of threads on this site that will explain how to use them.
WinISD is like the Eminence one (which is actually Bass Box Pro, but with just Eminence drivers in it... and is, as you say, years old. I had the Emi one running on a Windows 98 machine).
HornResp is very much more in depth. As the name suggests it's mainly for horn design, but can be used to model many different styles of cab.

Edit: Oh yeh... and they're both free of charge!

Chas n Dave : it's like Drum and Bass but with beards.             E=mc² ±3dB

Posted By: teeth
Date Posted: 05 July 2021 at 11:16pm
just a heads up, the links to "The EV PA Bible!" sadly don't work

Posted By: BJtheDJ
Date Posted: 06 July 2021 at 12:07am
Originally posted by teeth teeth wrote:

just a heads up, the links to "The EV PA Bible!" sadly don't work

Amazing what you can find using an interweb search engine LOL" rel="nofollow - If your vaccinations were mandatory and nobody in your class had measles,
then you know that you're not a Millenial kid.

Posted By: teeth
Date Posted: 18 October 2021 at 9:04am
course bruv, just wanted to let the OP know some links were dead after they spent a bit of time making that first post :)

Posted By: mia154
Date Posted: 08 November 2021 at 9:02am
Thanks for these informations!

Posted By: toastyghost
Date Posted: 08 November 2021 at 11:19am
An amazing resource here from the AES. Essentially a free pro audio dictionary, keep this bookmarked and check it whenever you’re stuck:" rel="nofollow -

As part of that is a fairly comprehensive list of books on any audio-related topic, with a comment or mini-review:" rel="nofollow -

A few of these are 100% essential for any audio engineer:
Beranek - Acoustics
Olson - Acoustical Engineering (even if you don't understand most of these first two now, you'll be thankful it's on hand later in life)
Horowitz & Hill - The Art of Electronics (essential)
Davis & Patronis - Sound System Engineering (the most practical book on system design and deployment)
McCarthy - Sound System Design & Optimisation (green Bible, tons of graphics, charts and references. Covers design, deployment and measurement. Consitent results and lots of answers to common questions)
Borwick - Loudspeaker and Headphone Handbook (lots of info on how speakers really work)
Colloms - High Performance Loudspeakers (see above. Studio focused but with good reason, lessons apply to all speakers aimed at high quality output)
Howard & Angus - Acoustics And Psychoacoustics (not as much maths as you'd think... really fun to read, will help you realise and decide what we actually hear)
Eargle - Handbook of Recording Engineering (studio focused but will help you mix bands better)

I will always recommend spending £40-50 on a physical copy off eBay or from a second-hand bookstore - put them on your Christmas and birthday lists! - having books on a topic communicates to yourself and others that you are that person. This sort of thing is under valued, but it makes a big difference. Even just seeing the spine on the shelf or having it on your desk. Read a chapter a weekend, or just check it BEFORE GOOGLE when you have a question.

However, you can find digital copies online if you're familiar with the library named after the creation story in the Bible...

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